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Scandiano

It is a very important productive-economic town, located where the hills meet the plain, and was one of the oldest human settlements in the province.

Information

Altitude: 95 m
Inhabitants: 25.761 (updated to December 31, 2018)
Post code: 42019
Market days: Monday; Wednesday in the hamlet of Arceto
Vintage Market: every third Saturday of the month
Saint Patron: Santa Caterina (November 25)
Hamlets: Arceto, Bosco, Cacciola, Ca' de Caroli, Chiozza, Fellegara, Iano, Pratissolo, Rondinara, San Ruffino, Ventoso

Contacts

Phone 0039 0522 764211 - Municipality
Phone 0039 0522 764238 - Tourist Office
Website Municipality of Scandiano

How to get there

Scandiano - It is possible to request temporary permits for the Limited Traffic Area.

By car
From A1 motorway Reggio Emilia exit: take SS467 ringroad towards Scandiano-Sassuolo.
From Modena: take SS486 "Passo delle Radici" road towards Sassuolo, then at Veggia take SS467 road towards Scandiano-Reggio Emilia.

By train
There are local trains to Reggio Emilia-Sassuolo, leaving from the Reggio Emilia Railway Station.

By bus
From Piazzale Europa bus No. 46 line Reggio Emilia-Baiso (Cerredolo)-Carpineti-Castelnovo né Monti.

Location

The municipality of Scandiano is situated on the Tresinaro stream 12 km south-east of Reggio Emilia.

Historical notes

Scandiano is one of the most important social-economic towns in the area between the hillside and the plain.
One of the oldest places of human settlement in the province, it is full of archaeological, historical and artistic interest.
The famous “Venus” comes from the Neolithic village of Chiozza di Scandiano (found in 1940 and now kept inside the Museum Palace of Reggio Emilia).
The first castle in Scandiano was founded in 1262 by Gilberto Fogliani from the powerful family to which Guido Riccio, immortalized by the pen of Simone Martini in Siena, also belonged.
The Fogliani family was succeeded by the Este family, and after them, by the Boiardo family (1432), the most famous of which was the poet Matteo Maria.
After the death of the last of the Boiardo family, Hippolytus, in 1560 Scandiano passed to the Camera ducale Estense (the Este family’s administrative office): there were then several investitures such as the Thiene, the Bentivoglio and the Mari until the direct dominion of the Este family until the Risorgimento (except for the period of the Cispadana, Cisalpina Republic and the Regno Italico).

Scandiano is now a rich centre of economic, agricultural, commercial and industrial activities also due to its position at the foot of the hills and at the mouth of the Apennines valleys. The ceramic industry is particularly important.
There have been many famous people from Scandiano: Matteo Maria Boiardo (1441-1496), one of the greatest Italian poets, innovator (with his Orlando Innamorato) of Italian epic-chivalric poetry; Antonio Vallisneri (1661-1730), renowned scientist and disciple of Malpighi; Lazzaro Spallanzani (1711-1778), naturalist and physiologist, defined by Pasteur as "one of the greatest experimenters".

Reasons to visit

Scandiano conserves interesting traces of its noble past: the Rocca dei Boiardo (Boiardo Fortress) of the Boiardo family, a magnificent Renaissance construction inside of which was an important cycle of frescoes by Nicolò dell'Abate (XVI century), now kept inside Modena-based Art Gallery.
Still in piazza Boiardo, the Pieve di Santa Maria Pieve di Santa Maria dedicated to the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin contains the polychrome group of the Madonna del Rosario (Virgin Mary of the Rosary), dating back to the XVI century) and the tomb of Lazzaro Spallanzani.
In Corso Vallisneri is the XVIII-century San Giuseppe Church which contains an interesting tabernacle of the Ceccati school and the remains of frescoes attributed to Nicolò dell'Abate.

The Clock Tower, the ancient entrance to the Fortress, and the birthplace of Lazzaro Spallanzani with a typical XVIII-century façade, are also interesting.
On the main square, surrounded by ancient porticoes, is a beautiful statue depicting Lazzaro Spallanzani, made by G. Fornaciari.

Not to be missed

The Rocca dei Boiardo (Fortress of the Boiardo family), the most important building structure of the town, was for eight centuries the symbol of the political power of Scandiano.
It contains medieval, Renaissance and Baroque elements.
The architectural complex, which covers a surface area of 5,000 square metres, has been subject to many renovations over time.
It was built, in fact, in 1315 as a defensive construction by the Da Fogliani family and then transformed into a noble residence by the Boiardo family (1423-1560), and finally, turned into a Renaissance palace by the Thiene Marquises (1565-1623) and the Este princes (1625-1726).
Different architectural structures from different periods are found and can be admired: Medieval (the postern tower of the north entrance and hanging arches in the courtyard), Renaissance (the courtyard gate) and Baroque (stairway, mullioned windows, lintel of the courtyard, plaster decorations in the Este family apartment). Until the XVIII century the Fortress kept an important cycle of frescoes by the painter Nicolò dell'Abate, today kept inside Modena-based Art Gallery.
Many artists worked in the Fortress, including Bartolomeo Spani, Giovan Battista Aleotti and Antonio Traeri.

What to eat

Among the main products it is possible to find the “Colli di Scandiano e di Canossa” wine with Controlled Designation of Origin (DOC), produced in different types including Bianco di Classico, Malvasia, Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Lambrusco Grasparossa, Marzemino and Sauvignon. 
It is a wine with a sweet and/or semi-dry taste, produced in the sparkling and spumante types.
Another renowned wine is the Scandiano Spergola, with Municipal Designation (DE.CO.) assigned to the wine produced from white grapes. 
The first written evidence of the Spergola vine dates back to the XV century, when it was mentioned by Bianca Cappello, the Granduchess of Tuscany.
It is obtained from the Spergola grape, a typical vine of the Scandiano-Ventoso-San Ruffino-Casalgrande area in the province of Reggio Emilia, which allows to obtain, in the sparkling or spumante version, a white wine with a straw yellow colour.

Zabaglione is an energetic and nutritious preparation invented accidentally in Scandiano. 
The name is from French origin and derives from “Buillon”, a term inherited from the French during the military occupations. Soon the name was transformed into “Janbujon” until it became “Zabaglione”, an Italian derivation of the ancient invention from Scandiano.

Keeping fit

Scandiano is an area with many interesting naturalistic routes, such as the Path of the Ancient Court in Figno, the Tresinaro e la grande Quercia (the Tresinaro river and the big Oak), the Sentiero del Fornacione and the Anello Monte Gesso-Monte Vangelo.

Events

Centenaria Mostra Agricola Commerciale Industriale Artigianale (Centenary Agricultural, Commercial, Industrial and Handicraft Fair) - Third and fourth weekend of March
Display of agricultural, commercial, industrial and craftmade products.

festivaLOVE-Lovers in Scandiano - Last weekend of May
Sleepless nights with music, theatre, visual arts, artistic performances, installations, activities for children inspired by the theme of falling in love, drawing inspiration from the poem "Orlando Innamorato" by Matteo Maria Boiardo.

Santa Caterina Festival -Third and fourth weekend of November
Handcrafted and gastronomic products, collectors’ market.

In the vicinity

In Arceto, a village 5 km far from the centre of Scandiano, it is possible to find one of the oldest castles in the surroundings, already mentioned in 863.

Useful links

The Fortress and the castles in Scandiano
Churches in Scandiano
Where to stay in Scandiano
Where to eat in Scandiano
All files of Scandiano