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Castelnovo di Sotto

In the center is an ancient fortress, around which the Carnival floats and masks go; also important is the horse fair.

Information and contacts

Altitude: 27 metres
Inhabitants: 8.439 updated to January 1, 2015
Post Code 42024
Patron Saint: St Andrea, 30th November  
Horse Fair on 2nd Sunday of April
Castelnovo di Sotto Carnival "El Castlein"
Hamlets: Cogruzzo, Meletole, San Savino
Weekly market day: Monday
+39 0522.485711 Municipality
Comune Castelnovo di Sotto

How to get there

By car:
A1 motorway, exit Terre di Canossa/Campegine : follow signs for Castelnovo di Sotto/Poviglio.
A22 motorway , exit Reggiolo : follow signs for Guastalla and Gualtieri. Castelnovo di Sotto can be reached from Gualtieri through the districts of Santa Vittoria and Meletole.
By Bus:
daily service from Reggio Emilia , P.le Europa - supplied by ACT ,
from Parma , supplied by TEP from Monday to Friday

Historical Notes

The first document referring to the existence of the town dates back to 980 AD. It is a brief reference to a sale of land occurring in “Castronovum”. The town then formed part of the lands of vassals to the Canossa family. It later passed to the Da Correggio family. Before this date, between 800 and 900 AD, the area had been invaded by the Hungarian Gauls. This appears to be the period when the first castle was built – an extremely simple construction. In 1200 it became a genuine fortress which, with the passage of time acquired the characteristics associated with a noble seat. This was the home of the Da Correggio family until 1800. Castelnovo then passed to the Visconti family and to Ottobono Terzi. The shifting fortunes of history saw the area under the rule of either the Da Correggio or Este family up to 1600. In the middle of the 17th century Castelnovo di Sotto passed to the Gherardini of Verona when the Duke Francesco d’Este sold the lands in 1652. The rule of the Gherardini ended with the coming of the French. After the end of the Napoleonic period the town passed to the Este family which maintained their power up to 1859. It became a free Comune (local council) with the Unification of Italy.

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